Scarfe, Gerald

Gerald Anthony Scarfe, CBE, RDI, (born 1 June 1936 in St John's Wood, London) is an English cartoonist and illustrator. He worked as editorial cartoonist for The Sunday Times and illustrator for The New Yorker. His most famous work was for rock group Pink Floyd, particularly on the The Wall album (1979) and movie (1982), and his work as the production designer on the Disney animated feature, Hercules. After briefly working in advertising, a profession he grew to dislike intensely, Scarfe's early caricatures of public figures were published in satirical magazine Private Eye throughout the 1960s and 1970s. In the mid 1960s he took a job at the Daily Mail following a Dutch auction for his services with the Daily Express. His decision to work for the Daily Mail led to his estrangement from fellow cartoonist Ralph Steadman, alongside whom he had studied art at East Ham Technical College. Soon after, Steadman was commissioned to illustrate Scarfe and produced an image that was half saint and half Superman, but with a disconnected heart.Scarfe spent just a year working for the Daily Mail, during which time he was sent to provide illustrations from the Vietnam War. Scarfe was approached to work with Pink Floyd after Roger Waters and Nick Mason both saw his animated BBC film A Long Drawn Out Trip. Scarfe's first work for the band was a set of animated short clips used on the 1977 "In The Flesh" tour, including a full-length music video for the song "Welcome to the Machine". He also drew the cover illustration for their 1979 album The Wall, and in 1982 worked on the film version of The Wall, although he and Waters fell out with director Alan Parker during the latter stages of editing. As well as the artwork, Scarfe contributed 15 minutes worth of elaborate animation to the film, including a sequence depicting the German bombing campaign over England during World War II, set to the song "Goodbye Blue Sky". He was also involved in the theatrical adaptation, including The Wall Concert in Berlin, where his animations were projected on a vast scale. He continued to work with Roger Waters when the latter left Pink Floyd, creating the graphics and animation for Waters' solo album The Pros And Cons Of Hitch Hiking (1984) and its supporting tour. Scarfe's collaboration with Waters is a celebrated one in rock history and in August 2008, was marked by the release of a signed limited-edition eight-print series, "Scarfe On The Wall", which contains a monograph book (with an extended new interview with Scarfe) signed by Roger Waters as part of the collection. Scarfe was approached to work on the 1997 Disney film Hercules by Ron Clements and John Musker, long time fans who had risen to prominence within Disney following the success of The Little Mermaid. Scarfe worked as a conceptual character artist, designing almost all of the characters and then supervising the 900 Disney artists charged with adapting his designs for the film. On 22 November 2005 the United Kingdom's Press Gazette named its 40 most influential journalists, and included Scarfe alongside just two other cartoonists, Carl Giles, and Matt Pritchett. Scarfe was awarded 'Cartoonist of the Year' at the British Press Awards 2006. He was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in the 2008 Birthday is proud to present selected art by this fine British artist.